Employment Relations History – Critically examine the possibilities for the realisation of democ

Part I:

The discussion of workplace democracy in historical and theoretical context: from the growth

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Employment Relations History – Critically examine the possibilities for the realisation of democ
Get an essay WRITTEN FOR YOU FOR YOU, Plagiarism free, and by an EXPERT!
Order Essay

of the factory system to Therssa May.

Here you are demonstrating the long historical debate and range of schemes designed to

embody the democratisation of work, at the level of public policy and in relation to ER

theory. So, taking the notes from my lecture on the subject of Work, Employment and

Democracy:

Situating the debate on democracy at work

(i) Concern with democracy at work is as old as capitalism: the rise of centralised work station

(factories) and the loss of control over production

(ii) Then cooperative movement in England and France in the 19th century: Robert Owen in

England, considered the father of the cooperative movement; Pierre-Joseph Proudhon,

anarchist philosopher , economist and politician saw cooperatives as the foundation for a

new post-capitalist society,

(iii) Growth of trade unionism and collective bargaining seen as important developments in

the road towards workplace democracy.

(iv) Whitleyism and joint consultation, to promote collaboration and peace at work and to

ward off the threat of Bolshevism. (see piece by Harold Clay from 1949).

(v) The impact of continental Europe and the European Union in particular (Directives on

industrial democracy, European Works councils) etc.

(vi) Britain: 1970`s sharp debate over the Bullock Report (1977).

(vii) All major political parties have declared support for Industrial democracy and

participation of various types. Even post-1979 Conservative Governments advocated the

vision of employee empowerment through employee share ownership, albeit while

maintaining the Unitarist mantra of “the right of management to manage” and the sanctity

of private property.

(viii) The argument that participation and involvement schemes release worker creativity,

such that commitment can be captured and utilised in the drive towards economic success.

This is an approach seen in the ideas put forward within Pluralism, with its emphasis upon

the positive impact of trade unionism and collective bargaining, as well as the Human

Relations tradition, which seeks to privilege employee voice in contradistinction to the

tyranny of Taylorism.

(ix) The crisis: resisting neo-liberal restructuring and relocation of production. Evoking

memories of the sit-down strikes in the USA in the 1930s, Chomsky advocates worker

control, ownership and cooperatives to stop job losses and protect American workers from

employer aggression. (See Noam Chomsky, Occupy. Penguin 2012)

(x) Theresa May, on becoming UK PM sets out a vision for workers on the board (See:

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/nils-pratley-onfinance/2016/jul/11/theresa-may-planworkers-boardroom-reformextraordinary-tories)

It might also be advisable to go further and demonstrate knowledge of the range of

schemes designed to embody the democratisation of work, such as:

-Workers on the Board -Information sharing and joint consultation -European Works

Councils -trade unionism and collective bargaining -Partnership Agreements -Financial

participation -Worker Co-operatives -Nationalisation and public ownership

 

Part II: The Consequences of restrained worker voice and the impact on Productivity

A) The contemporary scene:

There are a number of articles in the quality press which cover the latest set of findings

regarding the poor performance of the UK economy in the realm of productivity, for

example:

The Guardian: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/feb/18/uk-productivity-gapwidens-toworst-level-since-records-began

The Financial Times: https://www.ft.com/content/78e578a4-fd5d-3b1a-a3f5b73c28aee5dc

Also the BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-37574985

B) How we got here and how the poor performance of the UK has been explained:

There are a number of ways in which the poor productivity performance of the UK has been

explained. For this section of the essay, I suggest that students refer to:

Industrial Relations in Ritzer, G. (ed), The Blackwell International Encyclopedia of Sociology

Unionism. In S. Clegg, & J. Bailey (Eds.), International encyclopedia of organization studies.

(pp. 1589-1594). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE

Part III: What can and is to be done?

In this part of the essay, students would be expected to engage critically with the subject of

workplace democracy. As such, the aim is not to present a definitive set of answers to the

problems of workplace democracy, but it is to demonstrate understanding and thought

regarding the limits, parameters and possibilities for employee empowerment.

When considering democracy at work, students might do well to reflect upon the essentially

anti-democratic discourse of unitarism. In addition, it should be made clear that the wide

range of schemes designed to embody democratic production should alert us to the opaque

character of the term, “industrial democracy”. Furthermore, explorations of tendencies

towards oligarchy and the possibilities presented by the “information age” for democratising

institutions might be a useful area for discussion.

With regard to the discussion of productivity, it is expected that reference is made to the

questioning of the once dominant discourse that regulation and trade union power can be

held responsible for poor performance. Here students might want to very briefly note the

dramatic decline in the power of organised labour, in terms of declines in membership,

collective bargaining coverage, mobilisation and influence upon public policy.

In addition, consideration might be given to Pluralist arguments that collective bargaining

can be seen to have positive productivity outcomes because of the “Voice Effect” and to the

proposition that the absence of effective collective worker organisation and protection in law

removes the “shock effect”, which can serve to close off low wage, long hour and low

investment strategies for making profit.

Part IV: Conclusions

In no more than a paragraph the preceding analysis and arguments should be summarised.

Emergency Homework
Order NOW For A 10% Discount!
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.